By defining the knowledge and skills all students are expected to learn in school by grade level and content domain, Minnesota’s K-12 Academic Standards and Early Childhood Indicators of Progress (ECIPs) provide a foundation for educational equity across the state.
School districts are required to put standards in place so all students have access to high-quality content and instruction. Schools and districts determine how their students will demonstrate mastery of the standards by developing courses, curriculum, assessments, and instructional materials.
The standards define broad learning goals for grade-level learning. More specific learning goals and targets must be crafted for units and lessons of instruction to achieve the broader goals articulated in the standards. Together, these goals are the backbone for interpreting assessment results and making valid claims about where students are in their learning.
Learning goals (also called learning targets or objectives) identify what students will be able to know and do by the end of one or a group lessons. Learning progressions identify essential questions and key understandings students should know across units of instruction and grade-levels within a content domain.